Ten Principles of Academic Integrity
(From the Laney College Catalog 2015–17, pp. 69–70)
- Affirm the importance of academic integrity.
Institutions of higher education are dedicated to the pursuit of truth. Faculty members need to affirm that the pursuit of truth is grounded in certain core values, including honesty, civility, and diligence.
- Foster a love of learning.
A commitment to academic integrity is reinforced by high academic standards. Most students will thrive in an atmosphere where academic work is seen as challenging, relevant, useful, and fair. Faculty have a special responsibility to maintain currency in their field and in teaching methods that fully engage the diversity of students.
- Treat students as unique individuals.
Faculty and staff members are expected to provide individual attention and consideration. Students will generally reciprocate by respecting the values of their teachers, including a commitment to academic integrity.
- Promote an environment of trust in the classroom.
Many students are mature adults who value an environment free of arbitrary rules and trivial assignments, where trust is earned and given. Faculty are expected to keep scheduled office hours, make accommodations for students who cannot attend regular office hours, reply promptly to student inquiries, emails and phone calls, administer final examinations according to scheduled timelines, and begin and end classes on time. Additionally, faculty should foster a classroom environment where diverse, and sometimes divergent, ideas are welcomed and respected.
- Encourage student responsibility for academic integrity.
With proper guidance, students can be given significant responsibility to help protect and promote the highest standards of academic integrity. Students want to work in communities where competition is fair, integrity is respected, and cheating is punished. They understand that one of the greatest inducements to engaging in academic dishonesty is the perception that academic dishonesty is rampant and tolerated.
- Clarify expectations for students.
Faculty members have primary responsibility for designing and cultivating the educational environment and experience. They must clarify their expectations in advance regarding honesty in academic work, including the nature and scope of student collaboration. Most students want such guidance, and welcome it in course syllabi, carefully reviewed by their teachers in class. Instructors should inform students of the academic requirements of each course. Such information may appropriately include, but is not limited to (a) notice of the scope of permitted collaboration, if any; (b) notice of the conventions of citation and attribution within the discipline of the course; and (c) notice of the materials that may be used during examinations and on other assignments.
- Develop fair and relevant forms of assessment.
Students expect their academic work to be fairly and fully assessed. Faculty should comment on student work, praise that which is well done, and show students where their work does not meet academic standards. Also, faculty members are responsible for using – and continuously revising – forms of assessment, including rubrics, portfolios, examinations, and essays that require active and creative thought and promote learning opportunities for students.
- Reduce opportunities to engage in academic dishonesty.
Prevention is a critical line of defense against academic dishonesty. Faculty will not tempt or induce students to engage in acts of academic dishonesty by having ambiguous policies, undefined or unrealistic standards for collaboration, inadequate classroom management, overly consistent assignments and exams, whose answers do not change from year to year, or poor examination security.
- Challenge academic dishonesty when it occurs.
Faculty and staff are to teach and model academic integrity and to ensure student integrity in performance of their assignments. Students observe how faculty and staff members behave, with their colleagues and with other students, and what values they embrace. Faculty and staff members who ignore or trivialize academic dishonesty send the message that the core values of academic life, and community life in general, are not worth any significant effort to enforce.
- Help define and support campus-wide academic integrity standards.
Responsibility for defining, promoting, and protecting academic integrity is a communitywide concern, and must be applied consistently with due process procedures, in affirmation of the shared values that help make Laney College a true learning community.
(Adapted from Ten Principles of Academic Integrity by Donald L. McCabe and Gary Pavela)